Register
A password will be e-mailed to you.

PSYCHOLOGY

Nearly Naked Apes

Humans are weird mammals. We have enormous brains, we live long lives, and we constantly walk upright. But perhaps one of our most unique features is our hairlessness. No other mammals, aside from subterranean naked mole-rats and marine-living species, exhibit this trait. Generally, we think that mammals with missing hair are sick, like a dog […]

Using the brain to map our understanding of ‘person-space’

A 2-D ‘map’ of the similarity between brain activity patterns elicited when thinking about different famous people. Closer people elicit more similar neural patterns in participants. Like maps of Earth, this projection is imperfect – more than two dimensions are necessary to capture reality. The accuracy of the placement of points increases with point size. […]

Intuition for other people’s emotional dynamics

A network diagram with arrows between mental states indicating which transitions are viewed as likely (>75%) by participants. Arrowheads indicate the direction(s) of transition between states. The size of each state’s circle is proportional to self-reported frequency of that state’s occurrence. Colored clusters of states arise from application of a community-detection algorithm – the names […]

Self-control as value-based choice

The usual way that laypeople and researchers alike think about self-control is as a battle between “hot” impulsive forces, such as craving, and “cold” calculating ones, such as a distant goal to be healthy. But research has not consistently supported that hot-cold dichotomy. For example, the hot and cold processes are not always opposed to one another during self-control, […]

“Social pain?” Not in the brain

Describe your research and the big picture problem or puzzle it addresses. Rejection stings, right? The social pain hypothesis says that same biology for processing social exclusion also handles physical pain. Some evidence for this comes from fMRI studies of social exclusion finding that brain regions involved in social exclusion overlap with the regions that […]

How to ‘stress’ preschool aged children in a laboratory setting

Describe your research and the big picture problem or puzzle it addresses. Standardized laboratory paradigms that reliably ‘stress’ young children are few and far between. Effective ‘stressors’ are needed to study the effects of acute stress on children’s emotional and behavioural regulation as well as to index the functioning of children’s biological stress regulatory systems. […]

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in World Trade Center Responders

Describe your research and the big picture problem or puzzle it addresses. While many 9/11 World Trade Center First responders developed posttraumatic stress disorder, or PTSD, the way that the symptoms presented differs across individuals. For example, some first responders had many of the classic symptoms of PTSD (e.g., hyperarousal, nightmares, depressed mood, and avoidance), […]

Do personalized Text Messages Help Smokers Quit?

Changing habits and behaviors is hard. We can all think of a time that we set a goal – cutting down on sweets, for example – and didn’t stick with it despite our best intentions. Quitting smoking is such a goal for many people. Specialized quitting programs can increase success, but those programs are not […]

Social Transfer of Pain in Mice

  This manuscript characterizes the first model of socially transferred pain in which mice housed in the same room as mice subjected to inflammatory- or drug withdrawal-induced pain develop congruent hyperalgesia. This pain is communicated via olfactory cues. This model provides 3 For the pain field, we show that pain can be induced solely by […]

Parenting an Early Adolescent: a Pilot Study Examining Neural and Relationship Quality Changes of a Mindfulness Intervention

Relationship between parents and their adolescent children are notoriously rocky, but research shows that a warm, caring parent-child bond can protect kids from problems during adolescence such as substance abuse, depression, and delinquency. That’s why it’s important to understand how parents can strengthen their relationships with their teenage kids. In this research, we studied whether […]